Plato - To Escape or Not to Escape
of the city was evidence of his approval of the way in which its activities had been maintained. It is true that they may injure one's body and may even be the cause of one's physical death but they have no power over his soul, which is what really matters. Crito further argues that a father (like Socrates) has an obligation to nurture and educate his children and should avoid orphaning them if at all possible. The only question at hand is whether or not it would be just for Socrates to attempt an escape. In fact, he is a child of the state and has an obligation toward it similar to that of a child to its parents. Crito and Socrates have been able to discuss the question about making an escape from prison because they have agreed on certain points. On the other hand, if he goes forth returning evil for evil, and injury for injury, breaking the covenants and agreements he has made, the citizens of the state, including his own friends, will despise him and look upon him as an enemy who has. Socrates replies that it is only fitting that he react in such a manner given his age, and expresses surprise that the guard has let Crito into his cell at such an early hour. He does not agree with Crito that these facts are sufficient to make it right for him to escape prison by violating the law that has been prescribed. 2 Socrates' responses edit Socrates tells Crito that he is one of those people who must be guided by reason, while Crito has insisted that he be obeyed in this matter regardless of whether he has convinced Socrates. Socrates has made an effective reply to the arguments advanced by Crito, stating at some length his reasons for believing that it would be wrong for him to escape.
Evidently, Plato s purpose in writing this dialog involved something more than. Crito s first argument is that if Socrates does not escape, then he will hurt. Crito in two ways. On the one hand Crito will lose a good friend when Socrates dies. Certainly, Socrates might or might not be guilty of the charges he was accused.
Crito has mentioned that, in the opinion of many persons, both Socrates and his friends will be severely criticized if he fails to make any attempt to escape from prison. It was his conviction that the element in each individual in which wickedness and righteousness have their seat is far more precious than the physical body. Socrates claims that the Laws would say that he destroys the city in leaving, and that this would be unjust. But, in this case, he will attempt to relate not simply what they might say but rather what they would have a right to say in the event that he escaped. They will say that his friend Crito might have saved him if he had been willing to furnish the money to purchase his freedom. Plato's dialogue crito " is a composition originating in 360.C.E. Socrates claims that he was serious at his trial about not fearing death. His argument is based on the fact that he is a citizen of the state, having been born, nourished, and educated within its borders. Crito explains that he has considerable means himself, all of which he would gladly use for any purpose that would aid in saving the life of Socrates. It has been suggested by some Greek scholars that Plato might have escaped from prison if he had been in Socrates' position.
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